Timeline Of the Torah’s Events

timeflyThe table below is an attempt to list the major events of Torah in chronological order, with Creation being Year 0, and our eventual entrance into the Land in the year 2488. A 14-year discrepancy is found in the chronology, and the best place to put these missing years is after Rebecca and Isaac sent away Jacob to Laban’s home.

While looking this over, if you find errors or omissions, please let me know. I am attempting to create a timeline for inclusion in the Rabbinic Reference Bible, which I hope to be released in the first half of 2016.

Year Event
0 The Creation, Adam and Eve are created [Genesis 1:1]
Eve gives birth to Cain and Abel [Genesis 4:1]
Sin and the Expulsion from Gan Eden [Genesis 3:24]
Cain murders Abel; Cain sent away and marked to save him from Abel’s descendants who would avenge his blood [Genesis 4:4]
130 Birth of Shet, the first son born to Eve after the expulsion from Gan Eden [Genesis 5:3-4]
235 Birth of Enosh, Shet is 105 [Genesis 5:6-7]
325 Birth of Kenan, Enosh is 90 [Genesis 5:9-10]
395 Birth of Mahalalel, Kenan is 70 [Genesis 5:12-13]
460 Birth of Yered, Mahalalal is 65 [Genesis 5:15-16]
622 Birth of Hanoch, Yered is 162 [Genesis 5:18-19]
687 Birth of Methuselah, Hanoch is 65 [Genesis 5:21-22]
874 Birth of Lamech, Methuselah is 187 [Genesis 5:25-26]
930 Adam dies at 930, Shet is 800, Hanoch is 308 and buries Adam [Genesis 5:5, Seder Olam 1:1]
987 Hanoch is taken by God, Methuselah is 300 [Genesis 5:23-24]
1042 Shet dies at 912, Enosh is 807 [Genesis 5:8]
1056 Birth of Noach, Lamech is 182 [Genesis 5:28-30]
1140 Enosh dies at 905, Kenan is 815 [Genesis 5:11]
1235 Kenan dies at 910, Mahalalal is 840 [Genesis 5:14]
1290 Mahalalal dies at 895, Yered is 830 [Genesis 5:17]
1422 Yered dies at 962 [Genesis 5:20]
1536 Noach is instructed to build the Ark, Noach is 480 [Genesis 6:3]
1556 Birth of Yefet [the eldest of Noah’s known sons], Noach is 500 [Genesis 5:32]
1558 Birth of Shem; Ham [the youngest of Noah’s known sons] born sometime later [Genesis 11:10]
1651 Lachech dies at 777, Noach is 595, Shem is 93 [Genesis 5:31]
1656 Methuselah dies at 969, Lamech is 782, Shem is 98, The Flood begins, Noach is 600 [Genesis 5:27, 7:6]
1657 Flood dries, Noachide Covenant, Noach is 601, Shem is 99, Yefet is 100 [Genesis 8:13]
1658 Birth of Arpachshad, Shem is 100, Shem is 100 [Genesis 11:10]
1693 Shelach is born, Arpachshad is 35, Shem is 135 [Genesis 11:12]
1723 Ever is born, Shelach is 30, Shem is 165 [Genesis 11:14]
1757 Peleg is born, Ever is 34, Shem is 199 [Genesis 11:16]
1787 Birth of Reu, Peleg is 30, Shem is 229 [Genesis 11:18]
1819 Srug is born, Reu is 32, Shem is 261 [Genesis 11:20]
1849 Nachor is born, Srug is 30, Shem is 291 [Genesis 11:22]
1878 Terach is born, Nachor is 29, Shem is 320 [Genesis 11:24]
1948 Abram born in Ur Kasdim, Terach is 70, Shem is 390 [Genesis 11:26-27]
1958 Birth of Sarah, Terach is 80, Shem is 400, Abram is 10 [Genesis 23:1]
1988 Abram becomes aware of his creator, Shem is 430, Abram is 40 [Hilchot Avidat Kochavim v’Chukkoteihem 1:3, Avot 5:21]
1996 Tower of Bavel ends, The language split, Shem is 438, Abram is 48, Terach leaves Ur Kasdim for Charan, Ever is 273, Peleg dies at 239, Reu is 209 [Genesis 10:25, 11:8, 11:19]
1997 Nachor dies at 148, Terach is 119, Shem is 439, Abram is 49 [Genesis 11:25]
2000 Abram begins teaching about Ethical monotheism, Shem is 442, Abram is 52 [Genesis 12:5]
2006 Noach dies at 950, Shem is 448, Shem is 448, Abram is 58 [Genesis 9:28-29]
2018 Abraham’s covenant of the parts, 430 year time period begins [and ends with the Exodus], Shem is 460, Abram is 70 [Genesis 15:13, Exodus 12:40]
2023 Abram leaves Charan and moves to Hebron, Shem is 465, Abram is 75 [Genesis 12:4, Bereshit.R 52:3]
2026 Reu dies at 239, Srug is 207, Shem is 468, Abram is 78 [Genesis 11:21]
2034 Birth of Ishmael, Shem is 476, Abram is 86 [Genesis 16:16]
2047 Abraham Meets with Hashem and is foretold of the birth of Isaac, Shem is 489, Abraham is 99, Sodom and Gomorrah destroyed and Lot’s incest, Abraham moves to Mamreh [Genesis 18:1, Bereshit.R 52:3]
2048 Birth of Isaac, 400 years of the promise begins [and ends with the Exodus], Shem is 490, Abraham is 100, Ishmael is 14 [Genesis 21:2-5]
2049 Srug dies at 230, Nachor is 200, Shem is 491, Abraham is 101 [Genesis 11:23]
2074 The birth of Rivkah [Seder Olam I]
2083 Terach dies at 205 in Charan, Shem is 525, Abraham is 135, Isaac is 35 [Genesis 11:32]
2085 The Akeidah, Sarah dies at 127, Shem is 527, Abraham is 137, Isaac is 37, Abraham purchases Machpelah, Rivkah’s birth is announced [Genesis 22:23, 23:1]
2088 Eleazar takes Rivkah from Charan, Isaac marries Rivkah, Shem is 530, Abraham is 140, Isaac is 40, Abraham marries Keturah [Genesis 25:20]
2096 Arpachshad dies at 438, Shelach is 403, Shem is 538, Abraham is 148, Isaac is 48 [Genesis 11:13]
2108 Birth of Jacob and Esau, Shem is 550, Abraham is 160, Isaac is 60, Ishmael is 74 [Genesis 25:24-27]
2123 Abraham dies at 175, sale of birthright at the funeral, Shem is 565, Isaac is 75, Jacob is 15 [Genesis 25:7]
2126 Shelach dies at 433, Ever is 403, Shem is 568, Isaac is 78, Jacob is 18 [Genesis 11:15]
2148 Esau marries Yehudit and Basmat, Shem is 590, Isaac is 100, Jacob is 40 [Genesis 26:34]
2158 Shem dies at 600, Isaac is 110, Jacob is 50 [Genesis 11:11]
2171 Ishmael dies at 137, Jacob takes Esau’s blessing, Jacob moves to Padan Aram to get a wife, Esau marries Machalat bat Ishmael, Isaac is 123, Jacob is 63 [Genesis 25:17]
A 14-year discrepancy occurs about here; the Rabbis state he stayed with Ever [see Year 2238]. All dates hereafter are adjusted 14 years out to reconcile Genesis 47:9.
2192 Jacob marries Leah and seven days later marries Rachel, Possible birth of Reuben, Isaac is 144, Jacob is 84 [Genesis 29:18-20, 29:32]
2193 Possible birth of Shimon, Isaac is 145, Jacob is 85 [Genesis 29:33]
2194 Possible birth of Levi, Isaac is 146, Jacob is 86 [Genesis 29:34]
2195 Possible birth of Judah and Dan, Isaac is 147, Jacob is 87 [Genesis 29:35, 30:5-6]
2196 Possible birth of Naphtali, Isaac is 148, Jacob is 88 [Genesis 30:7-8]
2197 Possible birth of Gad and Issachar, Isaac is 149, Jacob is 89 [Genesis 30:17-18, 30:10-11]
2198 Possible birth of Zebulon and Asher and Joseph, Isaac is 150, Jacob is 90 [Genesis 30:19-20, 30:12-13, 30:22-24]
2199 Jacob’s servitude for his wives end – Eleven boys and one girl recorded as being born during this time, Isaac is 151, Jacob is 91 [Genesis 29:30, 30:25]
2201 Ever dies at 464, Isaac is 153, Jacob is 93 [Genesis 11:17]
2205 Jacob’s servitude for his flock ends, Jacob leaves Laban’s home; Isaac is 157, Jacob is 97; Jacob dreams of the ladder; Jacob and Esau meet; birth of Benjamin, Rachel dies [Genesis 31:41]
2216 Joseph is sold into slavery in Egypt, Joseph is 17, Joseph has two dreams [count the celestial bodies in the second dream to determine the years of his servitude in Egypt], Isaac is 168, Jacob is 108 [Genesis 37:2, 37:9]
2227 Joseph interprets the Cupbearer’s and the Chief Baker’s dreams, Joseph is 28, Isaac is 179, Jacob is 119 [Genesis 41:1]
2228 Isaac dies at 180 and Jacob and Esau bury him, Joseph is 29, Jacob is 120 [Genesis 35:28-29]
2229 Joseph interprets Pharaoh’s dream, Joseph is 30, Seven years of plenty begin, Jacob is 121 [Genesis 41:46]
2235 Menasha and Ephraim are born to Joseph in Egypt, Joseph is 36, Jacob is 127 [Genesis 41:50-52]
2236 Seven years of famine begin, Joseph is 37, Jacob is 128 [Genesis 41:54]
2238 Joseph is reunited with his family, Joseph is 39, Jacob is 130 – though it should by all logic read 116 [Genesis 47:9]
2255 Jacob dies at 147 having stayed in Egypt 17 years [Genesis 47:27-28]
2309 Joseph dies at 110 [Genesis 50:26]
2310 138 years of slavery in Egypt begin
2362 Miriam is born
2365 Aaron is born, Miriam is 3
2368 Moshe is born, Aaron was 3, Miriam is 6 [Exodus 2:1]
2408 Moshe exiles himself to Midyan for killing an Egyptian, Moshe is 40, Aaron was 43, Miriam is 46 [Exodus 2:15]
2448 The Exodus, Moshe is 80, Aaron was 83, Miriam is 86 [Exodus 7:7]
2487 Miriam dies at 126, Moshe is 119, Aaron dies at 123 [Numbers 20:1, 20:28]
2488 Moshe dies at 120, we enter the Promised Land [Deuteronomy 34:7]
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